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Step-by-step implementation of BIM-LCA

A case study analysis associating defined construction phases with their respective environmental impacts
: Bari, Roberta di; Jorgji, Olivia; Horn, Rafael; Gantner, Johannes; Ebertshäuser, S.

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5855048 (785 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 551f46f110d1d268341dddc1e9dbed22
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Created on: 27.6.2020

Passer, A. ; TU Graz:
Sustainable Built Environment D-A-CH Conference, SBE 2019 : Transition towards a net zero carbon built environment, 11-14 September 2019, Graz, Austria, Conference Proceedings
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2019 (IOP conference series. Earth and environmental science 323)
Art. 012105, 11 pp.
Sustainable Built Environment D-A-CH Conference (SBE) <2019, Graz>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Building Information Modelling (BIM) supports construction processes by dealing with the variety and complexity of design in a single virtual model. The model may also be complemented by the static and energy performance of buildings. Facing the growing demand of sustainability strategies in the construction sector, the consideration of environmental information within the planning process influences the decision making of planners and stakeholders. Nevertheless, the life cycle assessment of buildings has been so far excluded in BIM, due to the high variety of accurate information and time required. In this paper, a systematic framework is presented and applied to a case study. BIM-LCA assists actors along the planning and designing phase, from the building conception as a whole, up to the elements' details and materials' definition. BIM and LCA intertwine in an application scheme of seven phases for integral planning and four levels of structural composition of a building. With respect to these, involved actors examine potential solutions through a tool which exploits alternative specifications in order to assess the environmental impacts. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the application of a BIM-LCA model regarding decision making for reliable values of environmental impact in a given structural level of the building. The main findings of this framework are due to the multitude of actors and information orchestrated, namely to uncertainties which characterize the whole planning process and data handling. Through BIMLCA, actors are assisted by ensuring flexibility of models and consistency of results throughout planning and designing.