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Enhanced Magnetoelectric Coupling in BaTiO3-BiFeO3 Multilayers

An Interface Effect
 
: Hohenberger, S.; Jochum, J.K.; Bael, M.J. Van; Temst, K.; Patzig, C.; Höche, T.; Grundmann, M.; Lorenz, M.

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Materials 13 (2020), No.1, Art. 197, 14 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1944
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Abstract
Combining various (multi-)ferroic materials into heterostructures is a promising route to enhance their inherent properties, such as the magnetoelectric coupling in BiFeO3 thin films. We have previously reported on the up-to-tenfold increase of the magnetoelectric voltage coefficient αME in BaTiO3-BiFeO3 multilayers relative to BiFeO3 single layers. Unraveling the origin and mechanism of this enhanced effect is a prerequisite to designing new materials for the application of magnetoelectric devices. By careful variations in the multilayer design we now present an evaluation of the influences of the BaTiO3-BiFeO3 thickness ratio, oxygen pressure during deposition, and double layer thickness. Our findings suggest an interface driven effect at the core of the magnetoelectric coupling effect in our multilayers superimposed on the inherent magnetoelectric coupling of BiFeO3 thin films, which leads to a giant αME coefficient of 480 Vcm−1Oe−1 for a 16×(BaTiO3-BiFeO3) superlattice with a 4.8nm double layer periodicity.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-582590.html