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AC electrokinetic immobilization of organic dye molecules

: Laux, E.-M.; Wenger, C.; Bier, F.F.; Hölzel, R.

Fulltext ()

Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 412 (2020), pp.3859-3870
ISSN: 1618-2642 (Print)
ISSN: 1618-2650 (Online)
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IZI ()

The application of inhomogeneous AC electric fields for molecular immobilization is a very fast and simple method that does not require any adaptions to the molecule’s functional groups or charges. Here, the method is applied to a completely new category of molecules: small organic fluorescence dyes, whose dimensions amount to only 1 nm or even less. The presented setup and the electric field parameters used allow immobilization of dye molecules on the whole electrode surface as opposed to pure dielectrophoretic applications, where molecules are attracted only to regions of high electric field gradients, i.e., to the electrode tips and edges. In addition to dielectrophoresis and AC electrokinetic flow, molecular scale interactions and electrophoresis at short time scales are discussed as further mechanisms leading to migration and immobilization of the molecules.