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Solid state sintered nanoscaled hardmetals and their properties

: Pötschke, Johannes; Säuberlich, Tino

Sigl, L.S. ; Plansee AG, Reutte:
19. Plansee Seminar 2017. Proceedings. Vol.3 : International Conference on Refractory Metals and Hard Materials; Reutte/Austria, 29 May-2 June, 2017
Reutte: Plansee, 2017
19 pp.
International Conference on Refractory Metals and Hard Materials <2017, Reutte>
Plansee Seminar <19, 2017, Reutte>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Hartmetall; cemented carbide; tungsten carbide; dilatometry; grain growth; grain growth inhibition; nanoscaled

Cemented carbides are conventionally manufactured by liquid phase sintering above 1350 °C. Due to their high surface activity, nanoscaled WC powders allow a complete densification already below 1200 °C. Extensive experiments carried out with different Co contents and grain growth inhibitors showed that a complete densification is possible between 1150 °C and 1230 °C. Here the microstructure shows a bimodal Cobalt distribution, with a thin Co layer between WC grains and a lot of small Co pools. These pools are homogenously distributed throughout the microstructure and inhibit the expansion of cracks. By adjusting Co starting powders the size of these Co pools can be controlled to be around 1 µm and mechanical properties of these solid state sintered nanoscaled cemented carbides can be enhanced. Their very fine predominant nanoscaled microstrutures leads to hardness values way above 2000 HV10 units and the in a distance of 3 µm to 5 µm recurring and around 1 µm in diameter large Co pools lead to improved fracture toughness.