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Nanowires in electronics packaging

: Fiedler, S.; Zwanzig, M.; Schmidt, R.; Scheel, W.


Morris, J.E.:
Nanopackaging. Nanotechnologies and Electronics Packaging. 2nd ed.
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018
ISBN: 978-3-319-90361-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-90362-0 (Online)
Book Article
Fraunhofer IZM ()

In the light of continuous miniaturization of traditional microelectronic components, the demand for decreasing wire diameters becomes immediately evident. The observation of metallic conductor properties for certain configurations of carbon nanotubes (CNT) and their current-carrying capability [1] sets the minimal diameter of a “true” wire to about 3 nm (compare Chap. 18). Investigations are in progress even below that diameter on nanocontacts, formed by single metal atoms, i.e. quantum wires. Quantum wires can be produced by mechanical wire breaking [2] or its combination with etching and deposition [3] or other techniques. The properties of quantum wires are only about to be understood theoretically [4]. Doubtless, they are worth considering for packaging solutions in molecular electronics to come [5]. In this chapter we focus on metal wires and rods in the size range above 10 nm up to submicron diameters, evaluated already to be attractive for microelectronic packaging purposes. Techniques to generate, to characterize and to handle them, as well as their interaction with electromagnetic fields will be useful for packaging applications in the age of nanotechnology. With the wealth of information available, this review focuses on general trends and starting points for deeper study. Although the cited references are representative, they cannot be complete, since numerous activities are still ongoing to produce and to characterize new kinds of wire-like geometries from different materials.