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Frequency multiplier and mixer MMICs based on a metamorphic HEMT technology including schottky diodes

: Thome, Fabian; Ture, Erdin; Iannucci, Robert; Leuther, Arnulf; Schäfer, Frank; Navarrini, Alessandro; Serres, Patrice

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5781283 (4.8 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: a748c3fe9af9f6c6dad24900afe68e48
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Created on: 25.2.2020

IEEE access 8 (2020), pp.12697-12712
ISSN: 2169-3536
European Commission EC
H2020-Research and Innovation Programm; Grant 730562; RadioNet
Advanced Radio Astronomy in Europe
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IAF ()
High-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs); Ku-Band; milimeter-wave (mmW); monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs); varactors; mixers; frequency multipliers; power amplifiers (PAs); schottky diodes; U-band; W-band

This paper reports on the monolithic integration of layout-optimized Schottky diodes realized in an established 50-nm gate-length metamorphic high-electron-mobility transistor technology for use in multifunctional nonlinear circuits. The suitability of the realized Schottky diodes is demonstrated by a broadband millimeter-wave I/Q-mixer (In-phase/Quadrature) and local oscillator (LO) chain comprising two power amplifiers and a frequency tripler, fabricated on monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs). Both circuits are based on an anti-parallel Schottky diode to pology. The subharmonically-pumped I/Q-mixer covers an RF (radio frequency) and IF (intermediate frequency) range of at least 75GHz to 110GHz and 0.5GHz to 15GHz, respectively. The single-sideband conversion loss is between 14dB and 16dB across most of the entire RF and IF bands. The core of the LO chain consists of a frequency tripler (multiplier by three) and features a bias-adjustable output power with almost constant conversion efficiency and a control range of more than 8dB. The fully-integrated LO chain MMIC matches the needs of the presented I/Q-mixer and exhibits an average output power of 16.3dBm with a covered frequency range of 38GHz to 60GHz. The unwanted harmonics are suppressed by at least =25.9dBc below the third harmonic for the entire frequency range and better than =32.1dBc for most part of the band. Thus, the mixer and tripler MMICs demonstrate state-of-the-art performance with regards to, e.g., covered bandwidth, output power, harmonic .suppression, or 1dB compression point.