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Proposals for a practical calibration method for mechanical torque measurement on the wind turbine drive train under test on a test bench

: Zhang, H.; Wenske, J.; Reuter, A.; Neshati, M.

Fulltext ()

Wind energy 23 (2020), No.4, pp.1048-1062
ISSN: 1095-4244
ISSN: 1099-1824
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWES ()
drive train; efficiency; test bench; torque calibration; torque measurement; wind turbine

The mechanical torque input into the wind turbine drive train is a very useful measurement for tests performed on a test bench. To ensure the accuracy and the reliability, an accurate calibration of the torque measurement must be carried out and repeated within a certain period of time. However, owing to the high torque level and large structure size, such a calibration is both expensive and time consuming. To overcome this challenge, a new calibration method is proposed here. The method is based on the electrical power measurement, where a high level of accuracy is much easier to achieve. With the help of a special test process, a relationship between the torque‐measuring signal and the electrical power can be established. The process comprises two tests with the drive train running in different operating modes. The calibration is possible by carrying out the same test process on several different torque levels. Detailed uncertainty analysis of the method is presented, whereby the uncertainty can be calculated by means of matrix operation and also numerically. As a demonstration, the implementation of the method on a test bench drive train that contains two 5‐MW motors in tandem with the motors operating in a back‐to‐back configuration is also presented. Finally, some variations on the method and possible ways of achieving better accuracy are discussed.