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Gaussian pulsed beam decomposition for propagation of ultrashort pulses through optical systems

: Worku, N.G.; Gross, H.

Fulltext ()

Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision 37 (2020), No.1, pp.98-107
ISSN: 1084-7529
ISSN: 0740-3232
ISSN: 1520-8532
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()
electric field; electromagnetic wave propagation; Gaussian beam; Gaussian distribution; optical system

Many applications of ultrashort laser pulses require manipulation and control of the pulse parameters by propagating them through different optical components before the target. This requires methods of simulating the pulse propagation taking into account all effects of dispersion, diffraction, and system aberrations. In this paper, we propose a method of propagating ultrashort pulses through a real optical system by using the Gaussian pulsed beam decomposition. An input pulse with arbitrary spatial and temporal (spectral) profiles is decomposed into a set of elementary Gaussian pulsed beams in the spatiospectral domain. The final scalar electric field of the ultrashort pulse after propagation is then obtained by performing the phase correct superposition of the electric fields all-Gaussian pulsed beams, which are propagated independently through the optical system. We demonstrate the application of the method by propagating an ultrashort pulse through a focusing aspherical lens with large chromatic aberration and a Bessel-X pulse generating axicon lens.