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Hybrid laser arc welding of thick plates X8Ni9 for LNG tank construction

: Gook, Sergej; El-Batahgy, A-M.; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael

Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Lasertechnik -WLT-:
Lasers in Manufacturing, LiM 2019. CD-ROM : Munich ICM, Internationales Congress Center München, Germany, June 24-27, 2019 : World of Photonics Congress
Erlangen: WGL, 2019
10 pp.
Lasers in Manufacturing Conference (LiM) <2019, Munich>
World of Photonics Congress <2019, Munich>
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
01DH14012; LoWELL
Laserstrahl- und Laserhybridschweißen von vergüteten 9% Ni Stählen für Konstruktion von LNG-Anlagen aus sauberen Energiequellen
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPK ()
cryogenic steel; hybrid laser arc welding; microstructure; tensile strength

Results of experimental investigations of the relationship between laser-hybrid welding process parameters, type of the filler metal and the mechanical properties of the welds made from 9% nickel cryogenic steel X8Ni9 are discussed. The results contribute to the development and conversion in the industrial practice a new laser beam-based welding technology for the automated manufacturing of LNG tanks. The remarkable heterogeneity in the chemical composition of the weld metal as well as an insufficient impact toughness could be indicated by using austenitic filler wire. The most promising results were achieved by applying 11%Ni filler wire, which is similar to the base material. A correlation between impact toughness and wire feeding speed could be shown. The highest impact toughness was 134 J at -196C. The laser-hybrid welds passed the tensile test. The failure stress of 720 MPa with a fracture location in the base metal was achieved for all samples tested.