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Smart homes and the control of indoor air quality

: Schieweck, Alexandra; Uhde, Erik; Salthammer, Tunga; Salthammer, Lea C.; Morawska, Lidia; Mazaheri, Mandana; Kumar, Prashant

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International Society of Exposure Science -ISES-; International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate -ISIAQ-, Ottawa:
ISESISIAQ 2019, Joint Meeting of the International Society of Exposure Science and the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate : Kaunas, Lithuania; August 18 - 22, 2019; Abstract Book
Herndon/Va.: Infinity Conference Group, 2019
pp.177, Abstract TU-PL-E1-24
International Society of Exposure Science (ISES Joint Meeting) <2019, Kaunas>
International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate (ISIAQ Joint Meeting) <2019, Kaunas>
Abstract, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer WKI ()
VOC; air; climate change; sensor technology; thermal environment

Global climate change will go along with changes in climatic conditions such as temperature, water balance and direct sunshine. As this will lead to a worsening of air quality, we have to look intensively at the matter of how we can create healthy living environments in areas with extreme air conditions. In order to serve primarily the efficient use of energy and the optimization of ventilation technology connected with new ways of constructing buildings (low energy and passive houses), “smart home technology” was introduced also in private homes. Facing demographic change, higher demands on a comfortable life and advancing mechanization of everyday life, sensor technology is increasingly implemented in order to create acceptable and improved living conditions. Thus, the term “smart home” is also linked today with the networking of home automation systems, home appliances and communications and entertainment electronics. In general, low-energy houses, which as a rule have a system of artificial ventilation, require special technologies to achieve good indoor air quality. Using modern sensor technology, it is possible to monitor not only the climatic parameters, but also the concentrations of air polluting substances, such e.g. carbon dioxide, sum parameters of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and particles and record them in Home Energy Management Systems (HEMS). Indoor air quality and air hygiene are taken now as important aspects of smart home technology. Nevertheless, living in a smart home often puts demands on the occupants who are required to change some of their living habits. Due to the significant impact of smart home technology on everyday life in the near future, the authors have summarized the actual state-of-the-art of housing technology on indoor air quality, individual thermal comfort and living behaviour for the temperate climate zone. The main findings will be presented at the conference.