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3D Diatom-Designed and selective laser melting (SLM) manufactured metallic structures

: Zglobicka, Izabela; Chmielewska, Agnieszka; Topal, Emre; Kutukova, Kristina; Gluch, Jürgen; Krüger, Peter; Kilroy, Cathy; Święszkowski, Wojciech; Kurzydłowski, Krzysztof Jan; Zschech, Ehrenfried

Fulltext ()

Scientific Reports 9 (2019), Art. 19777, 9 pp.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

Diatom frustules, with their diverse three-dimensional regular silica structures and nano- to micrometer dimensions, represent perfect model systems for biomimetic fabrication of materials and devices. The structure of a frustule of the diatom Didymosphenia geminata was nondestructively visualized using nano X-ray computed tomography (XCT) and transferred into a CAD file for the first time. Subsequently, this CAD file was used as the input for an engineered object, which was manufactured by applying an additive manufacturing technique (3D Selective Laser Melting, SLM) and using titanium powder. The self-similarity of the natural and the engineered objects was verified using nano and micro XCT. The biomimetic approach described in this paper is a proof-of-concept for future developments in the scaling-up of manufacturing based on special properties of microorganisms.