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Media access using dynamic bandwidth system to improve satellite network uplink performance

: Foudriat, E.C.; Maly, K.J.; Olariu, S.; Todorova, Petia

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-567399 (83 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 9ec07bc43859d25ab50f3e3c2c27c5b0
Created on: 24.9.2013

Wireless communications & mobile computing 3 (2003), No.2, pp.225-238
ISSN: 1530-8669
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer FOKUS ()
satellite networking; dynamic frequency; dynamic bandwidth network; uplink media access; digital software radio; network load control and fairness; network efficiency

The paper describes a media access system for satellite network uplinks. The media access protocol is designed to support a range of low-level protocols using a dual-framing system, that is, there is a synchronous traffic subframe in which registered station requests are assigned fixed blocks or slots and an asynchronous traffic subframe for unregistered station random access on a contention basis. Slots for the registered stations are assigned through request to the satellite; the remaining frame time is assigned to unregistered stations. Capacity waste through contention resulting in collisions is minimized. The system uses dynamic bandwidth (bit rate) allocation for each channel, that is, the base frequency and bandwidth are changed for each channel at frame boundaries. The total bandwidth for the sum of all uplink channels is fixed. Channels that have low load based upon their request in a prior uplink frame are assigned lower bandwidth, while those with higher loading are provided larger bandwidth. By sharing bandwidth over channels at frame boundaries, overall network efficiency and fairness are significantly enhanced. Bandwidth allocation is decided in the satellite. It allocates sufficient bandwidth for all synchronous traffic and then commits the remaining bandwidth to asynchronous traffic. Here, the allocation for asynchronous traffic provides each channel with sufficient slots so that equal probability of success for stations sharing the channel can be expected. The combination of traffic assignment and bandwidth allocation provides significant improvement in overall network efficiency and fairness for all traffic types. The hardware, implementation of media access for variable bandwidth sharing between channels use the concepts of Digital Software Radio.