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Raman Characterization of Carrier Concentrations of Al-implanted 4H-SiC with Low Carrier Concentration by Photo-Generated Carrier Effect

: Liu, Tao; Xu, Zongwei; Rommel, Mathias; Wang, Hong; Song, Ying; Wang, Yufang; Fang, Fengzhou

Fulltext ()

Crystals 9 (2019), No.8, Art. 428, 13 pp.
ISSN: 2073-4352
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IISB ()
raman spectroscopy; silicon carbide; LOPC (Longitudinal Optical Plasmon Coupled)mode; carrier concentration; photo-generated carriers

In this work, 4H SiC samples with a multilayer structure (shallow implanted layer in a lowly doped n-type epitaxial layer grown on a highly doped thick substrate) were investigated by Raman scattering. First, Raman depth profiling was performed to identify characteristic peaks for the different layers. Then, Raman scattering was used to characterize the carrier concentration of the samples. In contrast to the conventional Raman scattering measuring method of the Longitudinal Optical Plasmon Coupled (LOPC) mode, which is only suitable to characterize carrier concentrations in the range from 2 x 10(16) to 5 x 10(18) cm(-3), in this work, Raman scattering, which is based on exciting photons with an energy above the band gap of 4H-SiC, was used. The proposed method was evaluated and approved for different Al-implanted samples. It was found that with increasing laser power the Al-implanted layers lead to a consistent redshift of the LOPC Raman peak compared to the peak of the non-implanted layer, which might be explained by a consistent change in effective photo-generated carrier concentration. Besides, it could be demonstrated that the lower concentration limit of the conventional approach can be extended to a value of 5 x 10(15) cm(-3) with the approach presented here.