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Fast propagation of electromagnetic fields through graded-index media

: Zhong, H.; Zhang, S.; Shi, R.; Hellmann, C.; Wyrowski, F.


Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision 35 (2018), No.4, pp.661-668
ISSN: 1084-7529
ISSN: 0740-3232
ISSN: 1520-8532
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Graded-index (GRIN) media are widely used for modeling different situations: some components are designed considering GRIN modulation, e.g., multi-mode fibers, optical lenses, or acousto-optical modulators; on the other hand, there are other components where the refractive-index variation is undesired due to, e.g., stress or heating; and finally, some effects in nature are characterized by a GRIN variation, like turbulence in air or biological tissues. Modeling electromagnetic fields propagating in GRIN media is then of high importance for optical simulation and design. Though ray tracing can be used to evaluate some basic effects in GRIN media, the field properties are not considered and evaluated. The general physical optics techniques, like finite element method or finite difference time domain, can be used to calculate fields in GRIN media, but they need great numerical effort or may even be impractical for large-scale components. Therefore, there still exists a demand for a fast physical optics model of field propagation through GRIN media on a large scale, which will be explored in this paper.