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On the role of cobalt carbidization in higher alcohol synthesis over hydrotalcite-based Co-Cu catalysts

: Nebel, Janine; Schmidt, Stefan; Pan, Qiushi; Lotz, Katrin; Kaluza, Stefan; Muhler, Martin


Chinese journal of catalysis 40 (2019), No.11, pp.1731-1740
ISSN: 1872-2067
ISSN: 0253-9837
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
03EK3041; Carbon2Chem
Journal Article
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
CO pretreatment; Co-Cu catalyst; Co2C; higher alcohol synthesis

Co-Cu-based catalysts are widely applied in higher alcohol synthesis (HAS) from synthesis gas. Although the nature of the active sites is still not fully understood, the formation of Co2C under HAS conditions seems to play a major role. A CO pretreatment procedure was developed allowing a systematic investigation of the influence of cobalt carbidization on the structural properties and catalytic performance of the catalysts. By exposing the catalyst to a CO-containing atmosphere prior to HAS, Co enrichment of the catalyst surface occurred followed by carbide formation. This surface modification decreased the formation of hydrocarbons and enhanced the formation of C2+OH. The catalyst pretreated with CO at 20 bar achieved the highest selectivity to ethanol and the lowest hydrocarbon selectivity.