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Decellularized equine carotid artery layers as matrix for regenerated neurites of spiral ganglion neurons

: Yilmaz-Bayraktar, S.; Schwieger, J.; Scheper, V.; Lenarz, T.; Böer, U.; Kreienmeyer, M.; Torrente, M.; Doll, T.

Fulltext ()

International journal of artificial organs 43 (2020), No.5, pp.332-342
ISSN: 0391-3988
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Today's best solution in compensating for sensorineural hearing loss is the cochlear implant, which electrically stimulates the spiral ganglion neurons in the inner ear. An optimum hearing impression is not ensured due to, among other reasons, a remaining anatomical gap between the spiral ganglion neurons and the implant electrodes. The gap could be bridged via pharmacologically triggered neurite growth toward the electrodes if biomaterials for neurite guidance could be provided. For this, we investigated the suitability of decellularized tissue. We compared three different layers (tunica adventitia, tunica media, and tunica intima) of decellularized equine carotid arteries in a preliminary approach. Rat spiral ganglia explants were cultured on decellularized equine carotid artery layers and neurite sprouting was assessed quantitatively. Generally, neurite outgrowth was possible and it was most prominent on the intima (in average 83 neurites per spiral ganglia explants, followed by the adventitia (62 neurites) and the lowest growth on the media (20 neurites). Thus, decellularized equine carotid arteries showed promising effects on neurite regeneration and can be developed further as efficient biomaterials for neural implants in hearing research.