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Effect of Different Crosslinking Strategies on Physical Properties and Biocompatibility of Freestanding Multilayer Films Made of Alginate and Chitosan

: Apte, G.; Repanas, A.; Willems, C.; Mujtaba, A.; Schmelzer, C.E.H.; Raichur, A.; Syrowatka, F.; Groth, T.

Fulltext ()

Macromolecular bioscience 19 (2019), No.11, Art. 1900181, 11 pp.
ISSN: 1616-5187
ISSN: 1616-5195
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft FhG
069-608203; ATTRACT
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Freestanding multilayer films prepared by layer-by-layer technique have attracted interest as promising materials for wound dressings. The goal is to fabricate freestanding films using chitosan (CHI) and alginate (ALG) including subsequent crosslinking to improve the mechanical properties of films while maintaining their biocompatibility. Three crosslinking strategies are investigated, namely use of calcium ions for crosslinking ALG, 1-ethyl-3-(-3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide combined with N-hydroxysuccinimide for crosslinking ALG with CHI, and Genipin for crosslinking chitosan inside the films. Different characteristics, such as surface morphology, wettability, swelling, roughness, and mechanical properties are investigated showing that films became thinner, exhibited rougher surfaces, had lower water uptake, and increased mechanical strength after crosslinking. Changes of wettability are moderate and dependent on the crosslinking method. In vitro cytotoxicity and cell attachment studies with human dermal fibroblasts show that freestanding CHI-ALG films represent a poorly adhesive substratum for fibroblasts, while studies using incubation of plastic-adherent fibroblast beneath floating films show no signs of cytotoxicity in a time frame of 7 days. Results from cell experiments combined with film characteristics after crosslinking, indicate that crosslinked freestanding films made of ALG and CHI may be interesting candidates for wound dressings.