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A Biocatalytically Active Membrane Obtained from Immobilization of 2-Deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate Aldolase on a Porous Support

: Zhang, Shuhao; Bramski, Julia; Tutus, Murat; Pietruszka, Jörg; Böker, Alexander; Reinicke, Stefan


ACS applied materials & interfaces 11 (2019), No.37, pp.34441-34453
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()
2-deoxy-D-ribose-5-phoshphate aldolase; enzyme immobilization; enzymatically active membrane; enzyme/polymer conjugate; self-assembly

Aldol reactions play an important role in organic synthesis, as they belong to the class of highly beneficial C–C-linking reactions. Aldol-type reactions can be efficiently and stereoselectively catalyzed by the enzyme 2-deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA) to gain key intermediates for pharmaceuticals such as atorvastatin. The immobilization of DERA would open the opportunity for a continuous operation mode which gives access to an efficient, large-scale production of respective organic intermediates. In this contribution, we synthesize and utilize DERA/polymer conjugates for the generation and fixation of a DERA bearing thin film on a polymeric membrane support. The conjugation strongly increases the tolerance of the enzyme toward the industrial relevant substrate acetaldehyde while UV-cross-linkable groups along the conjugated polymer chains provide the opportunity for covalent binding to the support. First, we provide a thorough characterization of the conjugates followed by immobilization tests on representative, nonporous cycloolefinic copolymer supports. Finally, immobilization on the target supports constituted of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes is performed, and the resulting enzymatically active membranes are implemented in a simple membrane module setup for the first assessment of biocatalytic performance in the continuous operation mode using the combination hexanal/acetaldehyde as the substrate.