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Evaporation study based on micromodel experiments: Comparison of theory and experiment

 
: Geistlinger, H.; Ding, Y.; Apelt, B.; Schlüter, S.; Küchler, M.; Reuter, D.; Vorhauer, N.; Vogel, H.‐J.

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Water Resources Research 55 (2019), No.8, pp.6653-6672
ISSN: 0043-1397
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

Abstract
Evaporation—a key process for water exchange between soil and atmosphere—is controlled by internal water fluxes and surface vapor fluxes. Recent studies demonstrated that the dynamics of the water flow in corners determine the time behavior of the evaporation rate. The internal water flux of the porous media is often described by capillary flow assuming complete wetting. Particularly, the crucial influence of partial wetting, that is, the nonlinear contact angle dependency of the capillary flow has been neglected so far. The focus of the paper is to demonstrate that SiO2‐surfaces can exhibit contact angles of about 40°. This reduces the internal capillary flow by 1 order of magnitude compared to complete wetting. First, we derived the contact angle by inverse modeling. We conducted a series of evaporation experiments in a 2‐D square lattice microstructure connected by lognormal distributed throats. We used an explicit analytical power series solution of the single square capillary model. A contact angle of 38° ± 1° was derived. Second, we directly measured the contact angle of the Si‐SiO2 wafer using the Drop Shape Analyzer Krüss 100 and obtained an averaged contact angle of 42° ± 2°. The results support the single square capillary model as an appropriate model for the description of the evaporation process in an ideal square capillary.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-559287.html