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Influence of heat pumps on renewable electricity integration: Germany in a European context

: Bernath, Christiane; Deac, Gerda; Sensfuß, Frank

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5592067 (1.5 MByte PDF)
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Created on: 25.9.2019

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Energy strategy reviews 26 (2019), Art. 100389, 15 pp.
ISSN: 2211-467X
ISSN: 2211-4688
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
European energy system; optimization model; renewable electricity integration; sector coupling; district heating grid; heat pump

Reducing CO2 emissions, as targeted by the European Union, requires the substitution of fossil fuels with renewable energies. This reduces the CO2 intensity of electricity generation and this low carbon electricity can then be used in other sectors, e.g. to decarbonize heating. Besides contributing to emission savings, this so-called sector coupling provides additional flexibility in the electricity sector and fosters the integration of renewable energies. We assess how heat pumps in district heating grids contribute to renewable electricity integration. We analyze different scenarios using the Enertile model, which optimizes capacities and dispatch of electricity and heat generation simultaneously. The results show that, the higher the achieved levels of decarbonization and renewable electricity, the more competitive heat pumps become in heating grids.