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Development and operation of Digital Twins for technical systems and services

: Stark, Rainer; Fresemann, Carina; Lindow, Kai


CIRP Annals. Manufacturing Technology 68 (2019), No.1, pp.129-132
ISSN: 0007-8506
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()
digital twin; Digital Twin design elements; Dimensions of Digital Twins; information factory

Digital Twins are new solution elements to enable ongoing digital monitoring and active functional improvement of interconnected products, devices and machines. In addition, benefits of horizontal and vertical integration in manufacturing are targeted by the introduction of Digital Twins. Using the test environment of smart factory cells, this paper investigates methodological, technological, operative, and business aspects of developing and operating Digital Twins. The following Digital Twin dimensions are considered in scientific and application oriented analysis: (1) integration breadth, (2) connectivity modes, (3) update frequency, (4) CPS intelligence, (5) simulation capabilities, (6) digital model richness, (7) human interaction, and (8) product lifecycle. From this, design elements for the development of Digital Twins are derived and presented.