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High flux and CO2-resistance of La0.6Ca0.4Co1-xFexO3-δ oxygen-transporting membranes

: Chen, G.; Liu, W.; Widenmeyer, M.; Ying, P.; Dou, M.; Xie, W.; Bubeck, C.; Wang, L.; Fyta, M.; Feldhoff, A.; Weidenkaff, A.


Journal of membrane science 590 (2019), Art. 117082
ISSN: 0376-7388
ISSN: 1873-3123
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISC ()

Most of the currently used perovskite-based oxygen-transporting membranes have insufficient resistance towards CO2 and high material costs that potentially limit their commercial applications. In the present work, a highly CO2-tolerant oxygen permeation membrane based on La0.6Ca0.4Co1–xFexO3−δ (x = 0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1) was designed and prepared by a scalable reverse co-precipitation method. The oxygen permeation flux through the dense membranes was evaluated and found to be highly dependent on the Co/Fe ratio. La0.6Ca0.4Co0.3Fe0.7O3−δ possessed the highest permeation flux among the investigated samples, achieving 0.76 ml min−1 cm−2 under an Air/He gradient and 0.5 ml min−1 cm−2 under an Air/CO2 gradient at 1173 K for a 1 mm thick membrane. A combination study of first principles calculations and experimental measurements was conducted to advance the understanding of Co/Fe ratio effects on the oxygen migration behavior in La0.6Ca0.4Co1–xFexO3−δ. The observed oxygen permeability is three times higher than that reported in literature under similar conditions. The presented results demonstrate that this highly CO2-tolerant membrane is a promising candidate for high temperature oxygen separation applications.