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From self-organization in relativistic electron bunches to coherent synchrotron light: Observation using a photonic time-stretch digitizer

: Bielawski, S.; Blomley, E.; Brosi, M.; Bründermann, E.; Burkard, E.; Evain, C.; Funkner, S.; Hiller, N.; Nasse, M.J.; Niehues, G.; Roussel, E.; Schedler, M.; Schönfeldt, P.; Steinmann, J.L.; Szwaj, C.; Walther, S.; Müller, A.-S.

Fulltext ()

Scientific Reports 9 (2019), Art. 10391, 9 pp.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOSB ()

In recent and future synchrotron radiation facilities, relativistic electron bunches with increasingly high charge density are needed for producing brilliant light at various wavelengths, from X-rays to terahertz. In such conditions, interaction of electron bunches with their own emitted electromagnetic fields leads to instabilities and spontaneous formation of complex spatial structures. Understanding these instabilities is therefore key in most electron accelerators. However, investigations suffer from the lack of non-destructive recording tools for electron bunch shapes. In storage rings, most studies thus focus on the resulting emitted radiation. Here, we present measurements of the electric field in the immediate vicinity of the electron bunch in a storage ring, over many turns. For recording the ultrafast electric field, we designed a photonic time-stretch analog-to-digital converter with terasamples/second acquisition rate. We could thus observe the predicted link between spontaneous pattern formation and giant bursts of coherent synchrotron radiation in a storage ring.