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Powering the 21st century by wind energy - Options, facts, figures

: Rohrig, K.; Berkhout, V.; Callies, D.; Durstewitz, M.; Faulstich, S.; Hahn, B.; Jung, M.; Pauscher, L.; Seibel, A.; Shan, M.; Siefert, M.; Steffen, J.; Collmann, M.; Czichon, S.; Dörenkämper, M.; Gottschall, J.; Lange, B.; Ruhle, A.; Sayer, F.; Stoevesandt, B.; Wenske, J.


Applied Physics Reviews 6 (2019), No.3, Art. 031303, 49 pp.
ISSN: 1931-9401
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWES ()
Fraunhofer IEE ()

This review article aims to provide an overview and insight into the most relevant aspects of wind energy development and current state-of-the-art. The industry is in a very mature stage, so it seems to be the right time to take stock of the relevant areas of wind energy use for power generation. For this review, the authors considered the essential aspects of the development of wind energy technology: research, modeling, and prediction of wind speed as an energy source, the technology development of the plants divided into the mechanical and electrical systems and the plant control, and finally the optimal plant operation including the maintenance strategies. The focus is on the development in Europe, with a partial focus on Germany. The authors are employees of the Fraunhofer Institutes, Institute for Energy Economics and Energy Systems Technology and Institute for Wind Energy Systems, who have contributed to the development of this technology for decades.