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Backshoring of production activities in European manufacturing

: Dachs, Bernhard; Kinkel, Steffen; Jäger, Angela; Palcic, Iztok


Journal of purchasing and supply management 25 (2019), No.3, Article 100531, 16 pp.
ISSN: 1478-4092
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Backshoring; Reshoring; Offshoring; Motives; European Manufacturing Survey

Backshoring – the movement of manufacturing activities from locations abroad back to the home country – hasgained some attention in policy discussions and in academic research in recent years. This paper presents empiricalevidence on backshoring from a large sample of European manufacturing firms. The data indicate thatbackshoring is still uncommon among European firms. Around 4% of all firms in our sample have moved productionback to the home country between 2013 and mid-2015. The most frequent reasons for backshoring arethe loss of flexibility, a lack in quality of the goods produced abroad, and unemployed capacities at home.Flexibility and quality concerns are, in particular, relevant for firms that move production back from Asiancountries. Backshoring is most likely for manufacturers of final products and in high-technology sectors, inparticular in electrical equipment, information and communications equipment, and the Automotive industry.