Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

Publica

Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Influence of strain rate on deformation and failure behavior of sheet metals under shear loading

 
: Klitschke, S.; Trondl, A.; Huberth, F.

:
Fulltext (PDF; )

12th European LS-DYNA Conference 2019. Proceedings : Koblenz, Germany, May 14-16, 2019
Stuttgart: DYNAmore, 2019
ISBN: 978-3-9816215-6-3
Paper 128, 10 pp.
European LS-DYNA Conference <12, 2019, Koblenz>
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
18943 N/1
English
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWM ()
shear characterization; strain rate; notched shear tensile specimen; shear failure strain

Abstract
In order to improve the reliability of deformation and failure prediction of automotive lightweight constructions in real crash situations, appropriate input data for crash simulations are necessary which represent the material behavior under high strain rates and complex multiaxial loading situations. Especially under shear dominated loading failure is difficult to reach and there is still a lack of information concerning the strain rate dependency under these loading conditions. Therefore an experimental procedure for strain rate dependent shear tension tests on sheet metals was developed which bases on asymmetrical notched shear tensile specimen geometries without surface processing. The specimen design of the shear zone was optimized by varying the shear length dependent on the sheet thickness and the notch position dependent on material data of uniaxial tension tests. For different advanced high strength steels (AHSS) numerical and experimental investigations were performed regarding the evolution of load paths in the shear zone and near the notch region as well as the failure location. Based on these experimental results and related numerical simulations recommendations are derived for an optimized design of asymmetrical notched shear tensile specimens. These recommendations are dependent on the sheet thickness and on material properties. The experiments should be carried out comparable to strain rate dependent flat tension tests with an appropriate mounting. The suggested specimen design procedure is validated by experiments on steels in a wide range of strength as well as on exemplary batches of aluminum and copper. The shear characterization for AHSS results in large strain values in the shear zone up to failure under quasi-static loading with a significant negative strain rate effect. These experimental results of improved strain rate dependent shear characterization can be used for enhanced failure prediction in the future.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-549606.html