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An aptamer based thermofluorimetric assay for ethanolamine

: Mahmoud, Mostafa; Laufer, Stefan; Deigner, Hans-Peter


Biochimie 158 (2019), pp.233-237
ISSN: 0300-9084
ISSN: 0300-5084 (Falsche ISSN)
ISSN: 6183-1638
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
Aptamer; aptamer-assay; thermofluorimetric method

There is a great need for fast, simple and precise diagnostic assays capable of direct quantification of biomarkers in complex biological matrices. Yet, the commonly used techniques such as ELISA/Immunoassays are tedious and involve various steps e.g. blocking, washing and signal development. Moreover, most of these assays have very limited ability of detecting small molecules and have hardly any multiplexing capabilities. The gold standard and alternative, mass-spectrometry, however, depends upon expensive hardware and is incompatible with point of care (POC) diagnostics. As opposed to POC assays for proteins or larger targets where variable formats are readily available. Here, we present a simple, versatile and fast one-step assay for detecting a small molecule, ethanolamine as example. The assay makes use of commonly available qPCR machines to detect target-concentration dependent shifts in the melting temperatures of aptamer beacons. The method allows detection of ethanolamine in the low nM range without requiring tedious elaboration of assay conditions as required for molecular beacons at room temperature. If generalizable, it may change the situation of small molecule assays significantly.