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Unbiased Phenotype Detection Using Negative Controls

: Janosch, A.; Kaffka, C.; Bickle, M.

Fulltext ()

SLAS discovery 24 (2019), No.3, pp.234-241
ISSN: 2472-5552
ISSN: 2472-5560
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IVI ()

Phenotypic screens using automated microscopy allow comprehensive measurement of the effects of compounds on cells due to the number of markers that can be scored and the richness of the parameters that can be extracted. The high dimensionality of the data is both a rich source of information and a source of noise that might hide information. Many methods have been proposed to deal with this complex data in order to reduce the complexity and identify interesting phenotypes. Nevertheless, the majority of laboratories still only use one or two parameters in their analysis, likely due to the computational challenges of carrying out a more sophisticated analysis. Here, we present a novel method that allows discovering new, previously unknown phenotypes based on negative controls only. The method is compared with L1-norm regularization, a standard method to obtain a sparse matrix. The analytical pipeline is implemented in the open-source software KNIME, allowing the implementation of the method in many laboratories, even ones without advanced computing knowledge.