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The clinical course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and its association to quality of life over time

Longitudinal data from the INSIGHTS-IPF registry
: Kreuter, M.; Swigris, J.; Pittrow, D.; Geier, S.; Klotsche, J.; Prasse, A.; Wirtz, H.; Koschel, D.; Andreas, S.; Claussen, M.; Grohé, C.; Wilkens, H.; Hagmeyer, L.; Skowasch, D.; Meyer, J.F.; Kirschner, J.; Gläser, S.; Kahn, N.; Welte, T.; Neurohr, C.; Schwaiblmair, M.; Held, M.; Bahmer, T.; Oqueka, T.; Frankenberger, M.; Behr, J.

Fulltext ()

Respiratory research. Online journal 20 (2019), Art.59, 13 pp.
ISSN: 1465-993X
ISSN: 1465-9921
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Background: Quality of life (QoL) is profoundly impaired in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, data is limited regarding the course of QoL. We therefore analysed longitudinal data from the German INSIGHTS-IPF registry. Methods: Clinical status and QoL were assessed at enrollment and subsequently at 6- to 12-months intervals. A range of different QoL questionnaires including the St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) were used. Results: Data from 424 patients were included; 76.9% male; mean age 68.7 ± 9.1 years, mean FVC% predicted 75.9 ± 19.4, mean DLCO% predicted 36.1 ± 15.9. QoL worsened significantly during follow-up with higher total SGRQ scores (increased by 1.47 per year; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.76; p < 0.001) and higher UCSD-SOBQ scores and lower EQ-5D VAS and WHO-5 scores. An absolute decline in FVC% predicted of > 10% was associated with a significant deterioration in SGRQ (increasing by 9.08 units; 95% CI: 2.48 to 15.67; p = 0.007), while patients with stable or improved FVC had no significantly change in SGRQ. Patients with a > 10% decrease of DLCO % predicted also had a significant increase in SGRQ (+ 7.79 units; 95% CI: 0.85 to 14.73; p = 0.028), while SQRQ was almost stable in patients with stable or improved DLCO. Patients who died had a significant greater increase in SGRQ total scores (mean 11.8 ± 18.6) at their last follow-up visit prior to death compared to survivors (mean 4.2 ± 18.9; HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.04; p < 0.001). All QoL scores across the follow-up period were significantly worse in hospitalised patients compared to non-hospitalised patients, with the worst scores reported in those hospitalised for acute exacerbations. Conclusions: QoL assessments in the INSIGHTS-IPF registry demonstrate a close relationship between QoL and clinically meaningful changes in lung function, comorbidities, disease duration and clinical course of IPF, including hospitalisation and mortality.