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Method for customized design of a quasi-stationary CPC-type solar collector to minimize the energy cost

: Osório, T.; Horta, P.; Collares-Pereira, M.


Renewable energy 133 (2019), pp.1086-1098
ISSN: 0960-1481
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

The use of solar thermal energy to supply industrial process heat is one of the most promising areas for solar market growth. Whereas low temperature (T < 100 °C) applications and the higher end of medium temperature applications (200 °C < T < 400 °C) are well suited for stationary collectors and line-focusing tracking collectors, respectively, a gap in collector offer exists in between. Non-imaging CPC (Compound Parabolic Concentrator) type concentrators show the potential to cover this gap when designed for a quasi-stationary (or seasonally tilt adjusted) operation, making use of the advantages of concentration while not depending on tracking systems, thus presenting a great potential for low cost production. Many factors, from the geometrical design to materials, production, installation conditions, O&M, operation temperature and resource availability have an impact on the performance and cost, and must be accounted for to find the optimum collector design. In this study, we developed a method for a customized design of a quasi-stationary CPC-type collector in which the Levelized Cost of Heat delivered is minimized. This methodology, based on a database of several collector configurations, will make it easier for any manufacturer to identify the most cost-effective solution for a particular installation.