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Effect of Al2Gd on microstructure and properties of laser clad Mg-Al-Gd coatings

: Chen, H.; Zhang, K.; Yao, C.; Dong, J.; Li, Z.; Emmelmann, C.


Applied surface science 330 (2015), pp.393-404
ISSN: 0169-4332
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAPT ()

In order to investigate the effects of Gd addition on the microstructures and properties of magnesium coatings, the Mg–7.5Al–xGd (x = 0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt.%) coatings on cast magnesium alloy were fabricated by laser cladding with wire feeding. The results indicated that the gadolinium (Gd) addition led to the formation of a cubic Al2Gd phase as well as suppressed the precipitation of eutectic Mg17Al12 phase. The laser clad coating containing nominally 7.5 wt.% Gd presented the highest microhardness, ultimate tensile strength and yield strength at both room temperature and high temperatures. The enhancement of heat resistant capacities was chiefly attributed to the existence of thermally stable Al2Gd particles, which prevented tiny liquation of eutectic phases along the grain boundaries and made great contributions on maintaining high yield ratio during high-temperature deformation.