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Spline-based Robot Trajectory Generation using the Dynamic Window Approach

Spline-based Robot Motion Control using the Dynamic Window Approach
 
: Demir, Baran; Höller, Frank; Garcia Rosas, Francisco; Schulz, Dirk; Goerke, Nils

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
Third IEEE International Conference on Robotic Computing, IRC 2019. Proceedings : 25-27 February 2019, Naples, Italy
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2019
ISBN: 978-1-5386-9245-5
ISBN: 978-1-5386-9246-2
pp.9-16
International Conference on Robotic Computing (IRC) <3, 2019, Naples>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

Abstract
Many path planning systems for mobile robots today rely on a combination of way point navigation and reactive collision avoidance for motion control Generally, such systems are notable to reliably produce smooth and predictable navigation behavior as it is required, e.g., when robots and humans operate in the same environment In contrast, spline-based motion planning techniques can generate smooth goal-directed trajectories But for most robot drives a subsequent control step is required that actually steers the robot along the desired trajectory In this article we propose a control approach that is based on the Dynamic Window Approach(DWA) Classical DWA controls the robot's velocities in order to steer it to a given goal location, avoiding collisions along the way Here, the approach is used to follow a given spline path as close as possible, while collision avoidance is already handled in the spline-based motion planning Thus expensive collision checks can be omitted from the velocity search of the DWA and the gained processing time allows computing velocity controls several time-steps ahead, resulting in improved path following, We demonstrate the benefit of this approach in simulation experiments and show its applicability for a real robot.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-540841.html