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Using cognitive agent-based simulation for the evaluation of indoor wayfinding systems: A case study

: Schrom-Feiertag, H.; Stubenschrott, M.; Regal, G.; Schrammel, J.; Settgast, V.

Fulltext ()

Timmermanns, H.J.P.:
13th International Conference on Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, DDSS 2016 : June 27-28, 2016, Eindhoven
Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2016
ISBN: 978-90-386-4144-7
15 pp.
International Conference on Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning (DDSS) <13, 2016, Eindhoven>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer Austria ()

This paper presents a novel approach to simulate human wayfinding behaviour incorporating visual cognition into a software agent for a computer aided evaluation of wayfinding systems in large infrastructures. The proposed approach follows the Sense-Plan-Act paradigm comprised of a model for visual attention, navigation behaviour and pedestrian movement. Stochastic features of perception are incorporated to enhance generality and diversity of the developed wayfinding simulation to reflect a variety of behaviours. The validity of the proposed approach was evaluated based on empirical data collected through wayfinding experiments with 20 participants in an immersive virtual reality environment using a life-sized 3D replica of Vienna's new central railway station. The results show that the developed cognitive agent-based simulation provides a further contribution to the simulation of human wayfinding and subsequently a further step to an effective evaluation tool for the pl anning of wayfinding and signage.