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Installation and operation of a solar cooling and heating system incorporated with air-source heat pumps

: Huang, Li; Zheng, Rongyue; Piontek, Udo

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5380838 (4.9 MByte PDF)
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Created on: 3.4.2019

Energies 12 (2019), No.6, Art. 996, 17 pp.
ISSN: 1996-1073
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
solar cooling; solar heating; heat pump; absorption chiller; evacuated tube collector

A solar cooling and heating system incorporated with two air-source heat pumps was installed in Ningbo City, China and has been operating since 2018. It is composed of 40 evacuated tube modules with a total aperture area of 120 m2, a single-stage and LiBr–water-based absorption chiller with a cooling capacity of 35 kW, a cooling tower, a hot water storage tank, a buffer tank, and two air-source heat pumps, each with a rated cooling capacity of 23.8 kW and heating capacity of 33 kW as the auxiliary system. This paper presents the operational results and performance evaluation of the system during the summer cooling and winter heatingperiod, as well as on a typical summer day in 2018. It was found that the collector field yield and cooling energy yield increased by more than 40% when the solar cooling and heating system is incorporated with heat pumps. The annual average collector efficiency was 44% for cooling and 42% for heating, and the average coefficient of performance (COP) of the absorption chiller ranged between 0.68 and 0.76. The annual average solar fraction reached 56.6% for cooling and 62.5% for heating respectively. The yearly electricity savings accounted for 41.1% of the total electricity consumption for building cooling and heating.