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Thermal effects in dissimilar magnetic pulse welding

Thermische Effekte beim Magnetpulsschweißen von Mischverbindungen
 
: Bellmann, Jörg; Lueg-Althoff, Jörn; Schulze, Sebastian; Hahn, Marlon; Gies, Soeren; Beyer, Eckhard; Tekkaya, A. Erman

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Metals 9 (2019), No.3, Art. 348, 21 pp.
ISSN: 2075-4701
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
magnetic pulse welding; dissimilar metal welding; solid state welding; welding window; cloud of particles; jet; surface activation

Abstract
Magnetic pulse welding (MPW) is often categorized as a cold welding technology, whereas latest studies evidence melted and rapidly cooled regions within the joining interface. These phenomena already occur at very low impact velocities, when the heat input due to plastic deformation is comparatively low and where jetting in the kind of a distinct material flow is not initiated. As another heat source, this study investigates the cloud of particles (CoP), which is ejected as a result of the high speed impact. MPW experiments with different collision conditions are carried out in vacuum to suppress the interaction with the surrounding air for an improved process monitoring. Long time exposures and flash measurements indicate a higher temperature in the joining gap for smaller collision angles. Furthermore, the CoP becomes a finely dispersed metal vapor because of the higher degree of compression and the increased temperature. These conditions are beneficial for the surface activation of both joining partners. A numerical temperature model based on the theory of liquid state bonding is developed and considers the heating due to the CoP as well as the enthalpy of fusion and crystallization, respectively. The time offset between the heat input and the contact is identified as an important factor for a successful weld formation. Low values are beneficial to ensure high surface temperatures at the time of contact, which corresponds to the experimental results at small collision angles.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-538078.html