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Comparative analysis of German and Brazilian innovation systems to improve binational cooperation

: Melo, G.; Haunschild, J.; Orth, R.; Will, M.; Kohl, H.

Loue, C.:
12th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ECIE 2017. Proceedings : Paris, France, 21-22 September 2017
Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-911218-55-5
ISBN: 978-1-911218-54-8
European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ECIE) <12, 2017, Paris>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPK ()

Brazil is the core economy of Latin America, and Germany plays that role for the EU. Bilateral relations between Brazil and Germany are long-standing and comprehensive. For more than 140 years, Brazil and Germany have been connected by active bilateral diplomatic relations. Based on this solid relation and their economic positions, it is interesting to find means of collaboration, especially in long-term strategies as innovation. Based on broadly literature review, this study attempts to identify strength and weaknesses of each National Innovation System through a framework that comprises six different functions and three types of interactions between the actors in the system. They are policy formulation, performing R&D, financing R&D, promotion of human resource development, technology bridging, promotion of technological entrepreneurship; R&D collaboration, technology diffusion, labour mobility. This research contributes to a new perspective that is particularly interested in the differences in these structures in developing countries and countries at the frontier. Besides, the outcome of this study guides insights on how two leading economies, which have historical great relations, could better cooperate in innovation, science and technology field. This study attempts to examine, by means of a SWOT analysis, the Brazilian and German Innovation System in order to suggest improvements on each system and the binational cooperation concerning science, technology and innovation. The first step of the paper is the identification of the strengths and weakness in each National Innovation System based on library resources, articles, reports and other secondary data. In a second step, through interviews with relevant experts, the study tries to clarify the opportunities and threats on the binational cooperation.