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Additive Manufacturing of Functionally Graded Ceramic Materials by Stereolithography

: Gonzales, Pablo; Schwarzer, Eric; Scheithauer, Uwe; Kooijmans, Norbertus; Moritz, Tassilo


Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. Online resource 143 (2019), Art. e57943, 8 pp.
ISSN: 1940-087X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

An additive manufacturing technology is applied to obtain functionally graded ceramic parts. This technology, based on digital light processing/stereolithography, is developed within the scope of the CerAMfacturing European research project. A three-dimensional (3-D) hemi-maxillary bone-like structure is 3-D printed using custom aluminum oxide polymeric mixtures. The powders and mixtures are fully analyzed in terms of rheological behavior in order to ensure proper material handling during the printing process. The possibility to print functionally graded materials using the Admaflex technology is explained in this document. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) show that the sintered aluminum oxide ceramic part has a porosity lower than 1% and no remainder of the original layered structure is found after analysis.