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In situ raman spectroscopy on silicon nanowire anodes integrated in lithium ion batteries

: Krause, Andreas; Tkacheva, Olga; Omar, Ahmad; Langklotz, Ulrike; Giebeler, Lars; Dörfler, Susanne; Fauth, F.; Mikolajick, Thomas; Weber, Walter M.


Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166 (2019), No.3, pp.A5378-A5385
ISSN: 0013-4651
ISSN: 1945-7111
ISSN: 0096-4786
International Meeting on Lithium Batteries (IMLB) <19, 2018, Kyoto>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWS ()
energy storage; in situ raman; lithium battery; silicon nanowire

Rapid decay of silicon anodes during lithiation poses a significant challenge in application of silicon as an anode material in lithium ion batteries. In situ Raman spectroscopy is a powerful method to study the relationship between structural and electrochemical data during electrode cycling and to allow the observation of amorphous as well as liquid and transient species in a battery cell. Herein, we present in situ Raman spectroscopy on high capacity electrode using uncoated and carbon-coated silicon nanowires during first lithiation and delithiation cycle in an optimized lithium ion battery setup and complement the results with operando X-ray reflection diffraction measurements. During lithiation, we were able to detect a new Raman signal at 1859 cm−1 especially on uncoated silicon nanowires. The detailed in situ Raman measurement of the first lithiation/delithiation cycle allowed to differentiate between morphology changes of the electrode as well as interphase formation from electrolyte components.