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Development of an ex-ante sustainability assessment methodology for municipal solid waste management innovations

: Wang, Jing; Maier, Stephanie; Horn, Rafael; Holländer, Robert; Aschemann, Ralf

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5315804 (2.5 MByte PDF)
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Created on: 29.1.2019

Sustainability 10 (2018), No.9, Art. 3208, 29 pp.
ISSN: 2071-1050
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Various municipal solid waste management (MSWM) innovations have emerged in developing countries in face of the challenges posed by increasing waste generation and poor MSWM practice. We present a methodology to assess the potential sustainability impact of MSWM innovations in a holistic manner. The Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis (LCSA) framework and the United Nations (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs) facilitated the methodology development. The result of applying the methodology to the case of waste bank (WB) in Bandung City shows that WB potentially generates the greatest sustainability impact in the resource recovery phase and the smallest impact in the collection and final disposal phase. All negative impacts could arise in the economic dimension. Surprisingly, WB as a national strategy to achieve 3Rs would not effectively solve Bandung City's landfill problem. Almost all SDGs would benefit from the WB program under the assumed conditions. This methodology will facilitate the decision-making in MSWM by (1) comparing available innovations to find the optimal solution, (2) identifying the hot spots and taking measures to combat the negative impacts, (3) providing the basis for monitoring the implementation process and the ex-post performance assessment.