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Investigating challenges of a sustainable use of marine mineral resources

: Kaluza, Andrea; Lindow, Kai; Stark, Rainer

Fulltext ()

Procedia manufacturing 21 (2018), pp.321-328
ISSN: 2351-9789
Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing (GCSM) <15, 2017, Haifa>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPK ()
seabed activities; marine mineral resource; sustainability; Post Paris Agenda; technology; multistakeholder process

High-tech products as well as renewable energy systems require ever-increasing quantities and more different metals. The extraction of metals and industrial minerals for the production of consumer goods and machines take place almost exclusively on land now. However, the interest in marine mineral resources has been re-inflamed due to the problem of geopolitical availability, such as fragile or failed raw material states and oligopolistic structures among the producers. This article gives a brief outline of the political, social and economic context of this change in interest in marine mineral raw materials extraction.