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Hybrid laser arc welding of 25 mm thick materials using electromagnetic weld pool support

Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Welding and Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials, WAFA 2018, November 19-22, 2018, Aswan, Egypt
: Üstündag, Ömer; Avilov, Vjaceslav; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5314192 (959 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: e201411d83cc65b25edcaa67bfb3b841
Created on: 23.1.2019

2018, 8 pp.
International Conference on Welding and Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials (WAFA) <4, 2018, Aswan>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPK ()
hybrid laser arc welding; thick-walled steel; single pass welding; electromagnetic weld pool support

In addition to the many advantages of deep penetration, increased welding speed and a low sensitivity to manufacturing tolerances such as gap and edge offset, the hybrid laser arc welding process is used increasingly in industrial applications such as shipbuilding or pipeline manufacturing. Nonetheless, thick-walled sheets with a wall thickness of 20 mm or more are still multi-pass welded using the arc welding process, due to increased process instability by increasing laser power. Welding at reduced speed, especially in a flat position, leads to an irregular formation of the root part such as dropping. The hydrostatic pressure exceeds the surface tension, which decreases with increasing seam width. In order to prevent gravity drop-outs, the use of a melt pool support is necessary. Usual weld pool supports such as ceramic or powder supports require time-consuming mechanical detachment. The electromagnetic weld pool support system, which is described in this study, operates without contact and based on generating Lorentz forces in the weld pool. An externally applied oscillating magnetic field induces eddy currents and generates an upward directed Lorentz force, which counteracts the hydrostatic pressure. This allows single-pass welds up to 25 mm by hybrid laser arc welding process with a 20-kW fibre laser. Moreover, it is favoured by the diminished welding speed the cooling rate which leads to an improvement of the mechanical-technological properties of the seams – the lower formation of martensite in the microstructure enables better Charpy impact toughness. The electromagnetic weld pool support extends the limitation of the laser hybrid welding process in the thick sheet area. By adapting the electromagnetic weld pool support to the laser and laser hybrid welding process, the application potential of these technologies for industrial implementation can be drastically increased.