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Creating a reference database of cargo inspection X-ray images using high energy radiographs of cargo mock-ups

: Kolokytha, S.; Flisch, A.; Lüthi, T.; Plamondon, M.; Visser, W.; Schwaninger, A.; Hardmeier, D.; Costin, M.; Vienne, C.; Sukowski, F.; Hassler, U.; Dorion, I.; Gadi, N.; Maitrejean, S.; Marciano, A.; Canonica, A.; Rochat, E.; Koomen, G.; Slegt, M.


Multimedia tools and applications 77 (2018), No.8, pp.9379-9391
ISSN: 1380-7501
ISSN: 1573-7721
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Customs continue to use a wide range of technology in protecting against terrorism and the movement of illicit trade and prohibited imports. The throughput of scanned vehicles and cargo increases and just keeps on growing. Therefore, the need of automated algorithms to help screening officers in inspection, examination or surveillance of vehicles and containers is crucial. In this context, the successful collaboration between manufacturers and customs offices is of key importance. Facing this topic, within the seventh framework program of the European Commission, the project ACXIS “Automated Comparison of X-ray Images for cargo Scanning” arose. The main objective of this project is to develop a manufacturer independent reference database for X-ray images of illicit and licit cargo. Historic images of real detections, images of illegal cargo mock-ups as well as images of legitimate cargo will be integrated into the reference database. For this, procedures and algorithms to uniform X-ray images of different cargo scanners was developed, as well as an automated identification method of potentially illicit cargo. Finally, these developments were incorporated in creating a training simulator and a toolbox for inspection officers enhanced X-ray screening competence.