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Strongly orthotropic open cell porous metal structures for heat transfer applications

 
: Fink, M.; Andersen, O.; Seidel, T.; Schlott, A.

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Fulltext ()

Metals 8 (2018), No.7, Art.554, 24 pp.
ISSN: 2075-4701
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IFAM, Institutsteil Pulvermetallurgie und Verbundwerkstoffe Dresden ()

Abstract
For modern thermal applications, open cell porous metals provide interesting opportunities to increase performance. Several types of cellular metals show an anisotropic morphology. Thus, using different orientations of the structure can boost or destroy the performance in thermal applications. Examples of such cellular anisotropic structures are lotus-type structures, expanded sheet metal, and metal fiber structures. Lotus-type structures are made by casting and show unidirectional pores, whereas expanded sheet metal structures and metal fiber structures are made from loose semi-finished products that are joined by sintering and form a fully open porous structure. Depending on the type of structure and the manufacturing process, the value of the direction-dependent heat conductivity may differ by a factor of 2 to 25. The influence of the measurement direction is less pronounced for the pressure drop; here, the difference varies between a factor of 1.5 to 2.8, depending on the type of material and the flow velocity. Literature data as well as own measurement methods and results of these properties are presented and the reasons for this strongly anisotropic behavior are discussed. Examples of advantageous applications, for example a latent heat storage device and a heat exchanger, where the preferential orientations are exploited in order to gain the full capacity of the structure’s performance, are introduced.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-524505.html