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Cyclic Redox-Mediated Switching of Surface Properties of Thiolated Polysaccharide Multilayers and Its Effect on Fibroblast Adhesion

: Esmaeilzadeh, P.; Menzel, M.; Groth, T.


ACS applied materials & interfaces 10 (2018), No.37, pp.31168-31177
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Advanced technologies for controlled cell adhesion and detachment in novel biointerface designs profit from stimuli-responsive systems that are able to react to their environment. Here, a multilayer system made of thiolated chitosan and thiolated chondroitin sulfate was constructed, with the potential of switchable inter- and intramolecular thiol/disulfide interactions representing a redox-sensitive nanoplatform. Owing to the formation and cleavage of inherent disulfide bonds by oxidation and reduction, surface properties of the multilayer can be controlled toward protein adsorption/desorption and cell adhesion in a reversible manner. Oxidation of thiols by chloramine-T promotes fibronectin (FN) adsorption and fibroblast cell adhesion, whereas the reduction by tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine reverses these effects, leading to low FN adsorption and little cell adhesion and spreading. These effects on the biological systems are related to significant changes of wetting properties, zeta potential, and mechanical properties of these multilayer films. The system presented may be useful for biomedical applications as responsive and obedient surfaces in medical implants and support tissue regeneration.