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Monitoring changing cellular characteristics during the development of a fin cell line from Cyprinus carpio

: Rakers, S.; Ondrusch, A.-K.; Gruening, M.; Adamek, M.; Moeckel, B.; Gebert, M.


Comparative biochemistry and physiology 225 (2018), pp.1-12
ISSN: 1096-4959
ISSN: 0305-0491
ISSN: 1879-1107
Journal Article
Fraunhofer EMB ()

The establishment and in-depth characterization of a novel continuous cell line derived from fin tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), CCApin, is reported. The cells of the cell line could be propagated in Leibovitz's L-15 medium containing 15% foetal calf serum and 0.5% carp serum for >150 passages during the last 24 months, with a stable fast growth. Furthermore, antibody staining indicated that cell types obtained in primary cultures, containing the epithelial stem-cell marker tumorprotein 63, were different from cells in long-term cell cultures, containing tight junction protein zona occludens 1 and cytokeratin 7. These observations suggest a switch of dominant cell types. Molecular analysis of gene expression profiles of caudal fin tissue and CCApin cells showed that genes relevant in epithelial cells but also in mesenchymal cells were expressed. However, during cultivation of CCApin a set of very steadily expressed, primarily mesenchymal genes like collagen 1 alpha 1, fibronectin or cadherin 2 was found. In summary, the long-term cell culture could be described as a stably growing epithelial population with some mesenchymal features. There are several application possibilities, especially for virus susceptibility studies, e.g. cyprinid herpesvirus-3 (CyHV-3). The study leads to a better understanding of molecular and physiological mechanisms of in vitro fish cell cultures.