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Crystallization and microstructure of a glass seal for rapid laser sealing in the system CaO/Al2O3/SiO2

: Döhler, F.; Zscheckel, T.; Kasch, S.; Schmidt, T.; Patzig, C.; Höche, T.; Rüssel, C.


Journal of Materials Science : JMS 53 (2018), No.24, pp.16207-16219
ISSN: 0022-2461
ISSN: 1573-4803
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

A glass with the composition 61 CaO·30 Al2O3·9 SiO2 was studied with respect to its crystallization behavior and its suitability as a rapidly crystallizing material for laser sealing. The glass was studied by differential scanning calorimetry; from the profiles recorded, Avrami activation energies and Avrami coefficients were calculated. The latter are in the range between 0.99 and 1.55 which is supposedly attributed to sole surface crystallization. During thermal treatment as well as during laser sealing, Ca12Al14O33, CaAl2O4 and Ca3Al2O6 are formed. These phases were also observed in SEM micrographs as evidenced by electron backscatter diffraction from the attributed Kikuchi patterns. Transmission electron microscopy showed a crystallized CaO- and SiO2-enriched interface which strongly adhered to the Al2O3 ceramic. The porosity of the crystallized seal was in the order of few percent. The studied glass proved suitable as crystallizing seal for rapid laser sealing.