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Study of nickel-based super-alloys Inconel 718 and Inconel 625 in high-deposition-rate laser metal deposition

: Zhong, C.; Kittel, J.; Gasser, A.; Schleifenbaum, J.H.


Optics and laser technology 109 (2019), pp.352-360
ISSN: 0030-3992
ISSN: 0308-4280
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Nickel-based super-alloys Inconel 718 (IN718) and Inconel 625 (IN625) have comparable chemical composition and similar physical constants such as density and melting range; however, in high-deposition-rate laser metal deposition (HDR-LMD), processes with IN625 are not transferable to that with IN718. In order to compare HDR-LMD process with IN718 and IN625, the current study has been conducted. Initially, parallel experiments have been performed, and the metallurgical analysis for macro- and microstructures have been carried out. Then, the strengthening effects of HDR-LMD for both alloys have been compared. Finally, in order to understand and explain the obtained results, both processes have been characterized by using a high-speed camera. According to the study, the following conclusions have been drawn: in comparison to IN718, there seems to have a stronger convection in the melt pool of IN625; this convection could be the reason for the faster solidification of IN625 since it may accelerate the dissipation of heat; As a further consequence of the stronger convection, the degassing during the solidification can be enhanced.