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Resonant photoacoustic gas monitoring of combustion emissions

: El-Safoury, Mahmoud; Dufner, Miguel; Weber, Christian; Schmitt, Katrin; Pernau, Hans-Fridtjof; Willing, Bert; Wöllenstein, Jürgen

Fulltext ()

Proceedings. MDPI AG 2 (2018), No.13, Art. 962, 4 pp.
ISSN: 2504-3900
Eurosensors Conference <32, 2018, Graz>
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPM ()
resonant photoacoustic detection; gas sensor; flue-gas emission monitoring

Since the entrance into the industrial era and the increasing demand for energy due to global economic growth and development, the amount of energy-related emissions have continuously grown every year to significantly high levels. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide or methane cause an increase in the earth’s temperature. Toxic gases like nitrous oxides, Sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide are extremely detrimental to the health of all living beings. Over the past few years, global organizations are imposing tighter limits by international laws for flue-gas emissions from fossil-fuel combustion. Emission-limiting techniques like filter and scrubber systems have to be installed for waste gas treatment in the exhaust gas streams. In addition, exhaust gas measuring technologies detect the actual emission values of the respective target gases. We present the development of a low-cost and highly sensitive photoacoustic gas detector for the monitoring of emitted combustion gases. First tests were carried out with the toxic Sulphur dioxide (SO2) in secure lab conditions, where a sensitivity below 1 part per million (ppm) was achieved during continuous flow of the gas.