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Experimental and numerical investigation of dual phase steels formability during laser-assisted hole-flanging

: Motaman, S.A.H.; Komerla, K.; Storms, T.; Prahl, U.; Brecher, C.; Bleck, W.


Fratini, Livan (Ed.) ; European Scientific Association for Material Forming:
21st International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2018. Proceedings : 23-25 April 2018, Palermo, Italy
Melville/NY: AIP Publishing, 2018 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1960)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1663-5
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <21, 2018, Palermo>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPT ()

Today, in the automotive industry dual phase (DP) steels are extensively used in the production of various structural parts due to their superior mechanical properties. Hole-flanging of such steels due to simultaneous bending and stretching of sheet metal, is complex and associated with some issues such as strain and strain rate localization, development of micro-cracks, inhomogeneous sheet thinning, etc. In this study an attempt is made to improve the formability of DP sheets, by localized Laser heating. The Laser beam was oscillated in circular pattern rapidly around the pre-hole, blanked prior to the flanging process. In order to investigate formability of DP steel (DP1000), several uniaxial tensile tests were conducted from quasi to intermediate strain rates at different temperatures in warm regime. Additionally, experimentally acquired temperature and strain rate-dependent flow curves were fed into thermomechanical finite element (FE) simulation of the hole-flanging process using the commercial FE software ABAQUS/Explicit. Several FE simulations were performed in order to evaluate the effect of blank’s initial temperature and punch speed on deformation localization, stress evolution and temperature distribution in DP1000 sheets during warm hole-flanging process. The experimental and numerical analyses revealed that prescribing a distribution of initial temperature between 300 to 400 °C to the blank and setting a punch speed that accommodates strain rate range of 1 to 5 s-1 in the blank, provides the highest strain hardening capacity in the considered rate and temperature regimes for DP1000. This is in fact largely due to the dynamic strain aging (DSA) effect which occurs due to pinning of mobile dislocations by interstitial solute atoms, particularly at elevated temperatures.