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Human-free offshore lifting solutions

: Leimeister, M.; Balaam, T.; Causon, P.; Cevasco, D.; Richmond, M.; Kolios, A.; Brennan, F.

Fulltext ()

Institute of Physics -IOP-, London:
WindEurope conference 2018 : Within the Global Wind Summit, 25-28 September 2018, Hamburg, Germany
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2018 (Journal of physics. Conference series 1102)
Art. 012030, 11 pp.
WindEurope Conference <2018, Hamburg>
Global Wind Summit <2018, Hamburg>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWES ()

With single elements weighing up to hundreds of tonnes and lifted to heights of 100 meters, offshore wind turbines can pose risks to personnel, assets, and the environment during installation and maintenance interventions. To increase safety during offshore lifts, this study focuses on solutions for human-free lifting operations. Ideas in the categories of logistics, connections, as well as guidance and control, were discussed and ranked by means of a multi-criteria decision analysis. Based upon 38 survey responses weighting 21 predefined decision criteria, the most promising concepts were selected. Logistically, pre-assembled systems would reduce the number of lifts and thus reduce the risk. A MATLAB-based code has been developed to optimise installation time, lifted weight, and number of lifts. Automated bolting and seafastening solutions have high potential to increase safety during the transport of the wind turbine elements and, additionally, speed up the process. Finally, the wind turbine should be lifted on top of the support structure without having personnel being under the load. A multi-directional mechanical guiding element has been designed and tested successfully in combination with visual guidance by cameras in a small-scale experiment.